There are two main groupings of oak trees, the red oak and white oak. Red oak is an umbrella term that encompasses many individual trees.
We rate the red oak as a first class tree based on its high demand in current markets. Red oak is a very poplar wood that is used in flooring and furniture.
Benefit to Forest:
Acorns are a natural food source for wildlife with a high nutritional value due to their fat content. Almost all omnivores and herbivores eat acorns as long as they have the ability to open the shell.
Red Oak Group
Red oaks can be distinguished from white oaks by unique characteristics. This includes leaves which have lobes with bristle tips, the bitter taste of the acorns, and germination takes place in spring. Furthermore, the acorns take 2 seasons to mature and the bark is mostly furrowed as compared to white oak bark, which is mainly scaly. Trees in Indiana that are considered a part of the red oak group are the scarlet oak, northern pin oak, black oak, southern red oak, shumard oak, blackjack oak, cherrybark oak, and the pin oak.